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History and features of  Etna DOC

The Doc Etna area includes the territory of 20 municipalities of Etna. This volcano is the highest in Europe. This area was the first Doc of Sicily and one of the oldest in Italy. One of the most characteristic and important elements for the quality of vines is the climatic condition of the territory, characterized by an important variability. The soil is predominantly of volcanic origin and therefore also highly subjected to variability. The vineyards are cultivated mainly between 300 and 900 meters, but sometimes, in some particularly generous areas for viticulture, they are grown up to 1,100 meters above sea level. The vineyards cultivated on Etna are native grape varieties: those typical of red berry are the Nerello Mescalese and the Nerello Cappuccio; white berries are predominantly Caricare, Cataratto and Mannella. The recent history of cultivation on this fantastic territory is characterized by a particularly flourishing and positive period for the economy: there is, therefore, a continuous rise in new vineyards in recent years, with increased operator professionalism and therefore new work for the area and numerous national and international awards. Many people like to define Etna’s “island island” wine region due to the territorial and climatic typical of Etna’s territory; this area is particularly different from the rest of the Sicilian lands where they cultivate vines. The territory of Etna represents a unique ecosystem in the world, whose history begins with a peculiar geological event lasting 700,000 years, which has created the highest volcano in Europe.