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History and features of Cannonau di Sardegna

The Sardinian origin is now widely documented and is reinforced by historical and ampelographic investigations useful to affirm that the Cannonau has no Spanish fatherhood. Many scholars in fact, mistakenly, believed that the Cannonau, known in Spain as Garnacha, had been imported in Sardinia from the Iberian Peninsula in 1400 d. C. during the Spanish rule on the island, but it is likely the opposite: the Spaniards began to cultivate this variety after meeting him in Sardinia. Also during recent archaeological excavations in the Middle Campidano, Cannonau grape seeds have been found that date back to 1200 BC At that time the ancient inhabitants of the island, who sailed around the Mediterranean, would have helped to spread the Cannonau in Spain, especially in Seville where it is called Canonazo and Aragon where it is called Garnacha, and finally in France, where it is known as Grenache. The Cannonau is the red grape variety most common in Sardinia. Since ampelographic point of view the characteristics of the Cannonau relate to the leaf, reniform or orbicular, completely glabra a very bright green color, with regular margin perforation; the woody shoots light in color, with short internodes; the grape, of medium thickness, cylindrical – conical, tight, with small to medium berries black-purple color, rich bloom and color pinkish juice from the characteristic aroma. The ripening period is medium – late (end of September). From the point of view agronomic Cannonau is a vine rather vigorous, with not very high production, has a remarkable adaptability, which justifies its spread in areas very dissimilar in terms of climate and soil conditions. The Cannonau is produced in ‘whole territory of Sardinia with the exclusion of unsuitable soils, such as those overly calcareous, those with low thickness and high slope, those derived from recent floods and hydromorphic soils of the coastal areas where affected by phenomena of alkalizing and salinization.